Know All About Coronavirus (COVID-19)

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The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced the Coronavirus outbreak, which actually originated in Wuhan, a city in central China, as an epidemic outbreak.

According to the reports, as of March 18, more than 8,648 people have died from Coronavirus and there have been more than 207,000 confirmed cases, according to The World Health Organization.

Deaths have been confirmed in more than 166 countries and dominions.

What is Coronavirus?

According to the WHO, the virus causes illnesses varying from common cold to more life-threatening diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

The virus can even circulate in animals and can also be transmitted between animals and humans. The new coronavirus, has been named COVID-19

What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?

The most common signs of infection include fever, coughing and difficulties in breathing. In other cases, it can also cause pneumonia, multi organ failure and death.

The incubation period of COVID-19 is between one and fourteen days. It is communicable before symptoms appear, resulting to the mass number of people getting infected.

Infected patients can also be asymptomatic, which means they might not display any symptoms despite having the virus in them.

Where did it originated from?

China alarmed the World Health Organization (WHO) to cases of pneumonia in Wuhan on December 31 which was not usual.

It is being thought that the COVID-19 is originated in a seafood market where wildlife was sold not legally.

On February 7, Chinese researchers concluded that the virus could have spread from a septic animal to humans through illegally traded pangolins, having an illustrious reputation in Asia for food and medicine.

As the possible source, scientists have pointed to either bats or snakes.

Incubation Period

The time from exposure till the development of symptoms of the virus is approximated to be between 2 to 14 days depending on the following sources:

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) presented a report on the incubation period for COVID-19 between 2 and 10 days. [1]
  • At the earlier stages, China’s National Health Commission (NHC) had approximated an incubation period from 10 to 14 days [2].
  • The incubation period for COVID-19 has been approximated between 2 to 14 days by The United States’ CDC.
  • A leading Chinese online community called DXY.cn reported an incubation period of “3 to 7 days, up to 14 days”.

Confirmed Cases and Deaths by the top 10 countries affected by Covid-19

The COVID-19 is impacting 188 countries and territories in the world. Among the 188 countries affected by the Covid-19 , the countries with the maximum affected cases are as follows :-

Know All About Coronavirus (COVID-19) 1

As per the reports, India has 332 affected people from the Covid-19 and 5 deaths. As of now 24 people have recovered and 303 people are still battling with the grievous disease. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has declared a nationwide Janata curfew on 22.3.2020 (Sunday) in order to break the chain of the virus.

Measures Taken by Different Countries to Stop the Spread

Countries from different parts of the world are taking necessary actions to try to block the coronavirus outbreak that has affected more than 300,000 people and killed more than 13000. Here’s a look at some of the steps that the five countries with the most cases have implemented so far.

CHINA

China has had more than 81,000 cases and more than 3,200 deaths since the Covid-19 came forth in the city of Wuhan in December. People in Wuhan and other parts in the Hubei province have been largely enclosed to their homes for more than 50 days — a policy that can control the widespread of the Coronavirus.

The lockdown initiated in Wuhan on 23rd Jan. It happened all of a sudden, just before the Lunar New Year holiday, giving residents very little time to make preparations.

The government in Hubei began imposing round-the-clock “closed management” of all the residential complexes, casting out the private use of cars, banning residents from leaving their apartments without permission. Many officials from the community began purchasing and supplying groceries and medication for residents in their respective jurisdiction. China did manage to lockdown a city with millions of people at lightning speed.

General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping on his visit to Wuhan said that the country’s outbreak has been basically contained. It is the third day that no new cases have been reported in the provinces of Hubei.

ITALY

Italy has more than 53000 cases and around 4800 deaths related to the virus. The number of cases has increased significantly in the recent days. Giuseppe Conte, the Prime minister of the country has announced the entire country a red zone, which refers people should stay at their homes except for any emergencies.

Public gatherings have been prohibited and the freedom of movement has been strictly curbed.
The significant goal is to restrain people from gathering in groups. Museums, cinemas and theaters have been closed till April 3. Schools and universities are closed too. According to the orders, Bars and restaurants must close by 6 p.m. everyday, and malls and supermarkets are closed on weekends. If a person has to move from one town to another, he or she requires signing a police form where one has to self-certify that a person is traveling for work, health or emergency purposes.

USA

The USA has some more than 26500 confirmed cases and at least 345 have died. In 37 states , cases have been found positive including the District of Columbia.

The National Guard has been positioned to the containment area in order to deliver food to the people who are locked down and help with maintaining the hygiene and cleaning of public spaces. Schools, churches, community centers inside that radius will be shut down and large gatherings will be shunned.

According to some reports, California has prohibited all gatherings of more than 1,000 people. The officials have warned that violators could even face a shutdown by police, as fines or arrest. The policy will be applicable on conferences and concerts as well.

SPAIN

Spain has reported more than 25000 cases and around 1380 deaths linking up with the Coronavirus.

Officials in the provinces with the most cases — Madrid, Basque Country and La Rioja — have declared the closure of all schools, universities and daycare centers for at least 14 days. Flights between Spain and Italy have been debarred and there is also a prohibition of large gatherings in these places. Soccer matches for Spain’s La Liga have been postponed too.

The Spanish Health Minister have asked the companies to bring down the working hours and travel in order to support the remote work.

GERMANY

Germany has reported more than 22300 cases and around 84 deaths relating to the Covid-19.

The Health Minister of the country has asked to cancel the events which usually draw more than 1000 people.

In a guest commentary the minister has stated that the safety of the citizens come first even before the country’s economic interest. According to him the restriction of the lives of the public is never an easy decision. The city of Berlin has cancelled performances at all opera houses, concert halls and theaters.

The top Soccer league of Germany, the Bundesliga, announced that for the first time ever, a certain number of matches will be played with no zero attendances and eventually the matches got postponed.

How to protect myself?

According to The World Health organization (WHO) it has been declared that the virus is a global pandemic, and said it was highly concerned by the appalling levels of spread and asperity of the outbreak.

WHO urges basic hygiene such as regularly washing hands with soap and water, using hand sanitizers often and covering your mouth with your elbow while you sneeze or cough.

To maintain a social distance of at least 1.8 metre (six feet) between yourself and others – especially if they are coughing and sneezing and to avoid touching your face, eyes and mouth with unclean hands.

Also avoid unneeded and unprotected contact with animals and to thoroughly wash hands after contact without any fail.

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